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- Principles of Bioethics
- Ethical and legal challenges of artificial intelligence-driven healthcare
- Health Care Law and Ethics in a Nutshell
- Health Care Law and Ethics in a Nutshell
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McCormick, D. Ethical choices, both minor and major, confront us everyday in the provision of health care for persons with diverse values living in a pluralistic and multicultural society. In the face of such diversity, where can we find moral action guides when there is confusion or conflict about what ought to be done? Such guidelines would need to be broadly acceptable among the religious and the nonreligious and for persons across many different cultures.
Principles of Bioethics
Public policy responses to escalating medical costs and constrained access pose fundamental challenges to health care law. Profound medical advances also generate many ethical dilemmas. This authoritative discussion considers how law and ethics respond to these driving social, economic, and political forces of innovation, crisis and reform.
Topics include health insurance reform, health care finance and delivery structures, treatment relationships, facility and insurance regulation, corporate and tax law, refusal of life support, organ donation, and reproductive technologies. This title is available in our CasebookPlus format. Anchored by faculty-authored self-assessments keyed to our most popular casebooks, CasebookPlus allows students to test their understanding of core concepts as they are learning them in class.
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Ethical and legal challenges of artificial intelligence-driven healthcare
This chapter will map the ethical and legal challenges posed by artificial intelligence AI in healthcare and suggest directions for resolving them. Section 1 will briefly clarify what AI is and Section 2 will give an idea of the trends and strategies in the United States US and Europe, thereby tailoring the discussion to the ethical and legal debate of AI-driven healthcare. This will be followed in Section 3 by a discussion of four primary ethical challenges, namely, 1 informed consent to use, 2 safety and transparency, 3 algorithmic fairness and biases, and 4 data privacy. Section 4 will then analyze five legal challenges in the US and Europe: 1 safety and effectiveness, 2 liability, 3 data protection and privacy, 4 cybersecurity, and 5 intellectual property law. Finally, Section 5 will summarize the major conclusions and especially emphasize the importance of building an AI-driven healthcare system that is successful and promotes trust and the motto Health AIs for All of Us. Economic forecasters have predicted explosive growth in the AI health market in the coming years; according to one analysis, the market size will increase more than fold between and . With this growth comes many challenges, and it is crucial that AI is implemented in the healthcare system ethically and legally.
The Mental Healthcare Act MHCA ,[ 1 ] explicitly talks about the rights of patients with mental illness PWMI and lays down the ethical and legal responsibilities of mental health professionals and the government. The rights of PWMI are at par with the fundamental rights of human beings and need to be clearly talked about as they belong to a vulnerable group from evaluation, treatment, and research perspectives. Such rights translate into the ethics of psychiatric care that relate to respect for autonomy; the principle of non-maleficence, beneficence, and justice; confidentiality and disclosure ; boundary violations; informed consent and involuntary treatment ; etc. They also mention the non-representation of the Indian Psychiatric Society and inadequate address of the burden of care experienced by the caregivers. The caregivers of PWMI are the real ambassadors of mental health; they sincerely understand the genuine service that psychiatrists have provided in this country over many decades.
The mature minor doctrine is a rule of law found in the United States and Canada accepting that an unemancipated minor patient may possess the maturity to choose or reject a particular health care treatment , sometimes without the knowledge or agreement of parents, and should be permitted to do so. Jurisdictions may codify an age of medical consent, accept the judgment of licensed providers regarding an individual minor, or accept a formal court decision following a request that a patient be designated a mature minor, or may rely on some combination. For example, patients at least 16 may be assumed to be mature minors for this purpose,  patients aged 13 to 15 may be designated so by licensed providers, and pre-teen patients may be so-designated after evaluation by an agency or court. The mature minor doctrine is sometimes connected with enforcing confidentiality of minor patients from their parents. In the United States, a typical statute lists: "Who may consent [or withhold consent for] surgical or medical treatment or procedures. By definition, a "mature minor" has been found to have the capacity to make serious medical decisions alone.
Health Care Law and Ethics in a Nutshell
Public policy responses to escalating medical costs and constrained access pose fundamental challenges to health care law. Profound medical advances also generate many ethical dilemmas. This authoritative discussion considers how law and ethics respond to these driving social, economic, and political forces of innovation, crisis and reform. Topics include health insurance reform, health care finance and delivery structures, treatment relationships, facility and insurance regulation, corporate and tax law, refusal of life support, organ donation, and reproductive technologies.
Jump to navigation. Among the salient features of the UHC Law are the expansion of population, service, and financial coverage through an array of health system amendments. Along with this is a planned paradigm shift to primary care, which is the core and center of all health reforms under the UHC. With UHC, all Filipinos are guaranteed equitable access to quality and affordable health care goods and services, and protected against financial risk.
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. Virtue ethics is person rather than action based. It looks at the moral character of the person carrying out an action. Virtue ethics is person rather than action based: it looks at the virtue or moral character of the person carrying out an action, rather than at ethical duties and rules, or the consequences of particular actions.
Health Care Law and Ethics in a Nutshell
Как всегда, валяет дурака, - сказала Сьюзан. Стратмор не скрывал недовольства. - Он ничего не спрашивал про ТРАНСТЕКСТ. - Нет. Но если он посмотрит на монитор и увидит в окне отсчета значение семнадцать часов, то, будьте уверены, не промолчит. Стратмор задумался.
За ее спиной ТРАНСТЕКСТ издал предсмертный оглушающий стон. Когда распался последний силиконовый чип, громадная раскаленная лава вырвалась наружу, пробив верхнюю крышку и выбросив на двадцать метров вверх тучу керамических осколков, и в то же мгновение насыщенный кислородом воздух шифровалки втянуло в образовавшийся вакуум. Сьюзан едва успела взбежать на верхнюю площадку лестницы и вцепиться в перила, когда ее ударил мощный порыв горячего ветра. Повернувшись, она увидела заместителя оперативного директора АНБ; он стоял возле ТРАНСТЕКСТА, не сводя с нее глаз.
Дальше бежать было некуда. Как трасса, на продолжение которой не хватило денег, улочка вдруг оборвалась. Перед ним была высокая стена, деревянная скамья и больше. Он посмотрел вверх, на крышу трехэтажного дома, развернулся и бросился назад, но почти тут же остановился. В некотором отдалении от него возникла фигура человека, приближавшегося медленно и неотвратимо.
И ТРАНСТЕКСТ больше не нужен. Никаких ограничений - только свободная информация. Это шанс всей вашей жизни. И вы хотите его упустить. - Следи за мной, - холодно парировал Стратмор.