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- The Rhetoric & The Poetics of Aristotle
- Aristotle’s Rhetoric
- Journal of the History of Philosophy
- Rhetoric and Poetics Syllabus (300-level Undergraduate)
The Rhetoric & The Poetics of Aristotle
Access options available:. More significant still is the omission of Plato's remarks about the concept of techne in his last dialogue, the Laws, a work that we must assume represents Plato's final views. Indeed, the Phaedrus and the Laws are not even mentioned in the index! Nevertheless, there is much of importance to be learned by the student of Plato's political philosophy about the conceptual underpinnings of the Platonic notion of the art of ruling.
Poetics, Rhetoric, and Logic. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, Poetics, Rhetoric, and Logic is a collection of previously published essays whose subjects range historically from Aristotle to Kenneth Burke. They are fit to be published together, Professor Howell says in an introduction written for this volume, because each article "was written to examine a particular set of circumstances within which poetics, rhetoric, and logic figure together or separately as essential components of literary theory" p.
Howell claims that the proper relation between poetics, rhetoric, and logic was formulated by Aristotle and that his system was adopted by the Romans and by right-thinking moderns; thus HoweU's version of Aristotle becomes the measure of other literary theories. In that sense, the value of the whole book depends on the value of his reading of Aristotle; therefore, in this review I shall concentrate on the presentation of Aristotle.
The briefest way of displaying Howell's reading of Aristotle is by making it into a set of propositions that represent Howell's development of the relations of poetics, rhetoric, and logic. Linguistic structuresform a genus called literature. This first proposition sounds innocent enough, but it is in fact the source of all the troubles that follow. There is in fact no such genus in Aristotle.
Things that move, things that are done, and things that are made are genera and the objects of knowledge; and literary objects can be studied in psychology as an indication of the psychological powers of men, in ethics as a kind of activity that is part of the good life, in politics as a means of education, and in the Poetics as a made object, an imitation.
But for Aristotle, to call tragedies and orations linguistic structures is to name something by an accident and not by its essence; matter is never the principle by which genera are identified. The genus of literature is divided into two kinds of works, poetic and rhetorical or rhetorical and dialectical. Howell makes this point several times; one exposition of it is: "To Aristotle , the two main families of discourse embrace on the one hand scientific writing, historical writing, and oratory, and on the other drama, epic poetry, and lyric poetry" p.
A list something like the latter trio occurs early in the Poetics a13 , but that science, history, and oratory are a kind of letters must be inferred, since no such claim exists in Aristotle. The justification for this classification will be discussed with proposition 4.
Howell collects and names the two trios: "Aristotle was the earlier major [! His own way of calling attention to the essential differences between them involved his celebrated distinction between imitative and nonimitative art and his attendant illustrative definition of the respective provinces of poetry and history" p. The distinction between imitative and nonimitativeart may be celebrated in the history of criticism, but I cannot find anything in Aristotle that would even suggest it, and Howell's footnote to the first two pages of the Modern Library edition of the Poetics is no substitute for documentation.
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Aristotle's Rhetoric has had an enormous influence on the development of the art of rhetoric. Not only authors writing in the peripatetic tradition, but also the famous Roman teachers of rhetoric, such as Cicero and Quintilian, frequently used elements stemming from the Aristotelian doctrine. Nevertheless, these authors were interested neither in an authentic interpretation of the Aristotelian works nor in the philosophical sources and backgrounds of the vocabulary that Aristotle had introduced to rhetorical theory. Thus, for two millennia the interpretation of Aristotelian rhetoric has become a matter of the history of rhetoric, not of philosophy. In the most influential manuscripts and editions, Aristotle's Rhetoric was surrounded by rhetorical works and even written speeches of other Greek and Latin authors, and was seldom interpreted in the context of the whole Corpus Aristotelicum. It was not until the last few decades that the philosophically salient features of the Aristotelian rhetoric were rediscovered: in construing a general theory of the persuasive, Aristotle applies numerous concepts and arguments that are also treated in his logical, ethical, and psychological writings. His theory of rhetorical arguments, for example, is only one further application of his general doctrine of the sullogismos , which also forms the basis of dialectic, logic, and his theory of demonstration.
Journal of the History of Philosophy
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Rhetoric and Poetics Syllabus (300-level Undergraduate)
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Aristotle divides the art of poetry into verse drama to include comedy , tragedy , and the satyr play , lyric poetry , and epic. The genres all share the function of mimesis, or imitation of life, but differ in three ways that Aristotle describes:. The Poetics is primarily concerned with drama, and the analysis of tragedy constitutes the core of the discussion. The text was restored to the West in the Middle Ages and early Renaissance only through a Latin translation of an Arabic version written by Averroes. The lost second part addressed comedy. The table of contents page of the Poetics found in Modern Library's Basic Works of Aristotle identifies five basic parts within it.
Access options available:. More significant still is the omission of Plato's remarks about the concept of techne in his last dialogue, the Laws, a work that we must assume represents Plato's final views. Indeed, the Phaedrus and the Laws are not even mentioned in the index! Nevertheless, there is much of importance to be learned by the student of Plato's political philosophy about the conceptual underpinnings of the Platonic notion of the art of ruling. Poetics, Rhetoric, and Logic. Ithaca: Cornell University Press,
This chapter discusses two ancient and long-persisting views of poetry that interpenetrate but are distinguishable: an earlier view, rooted in archaic oral-traditional rhetoric, which regards poetry as epideictic rhetoric composed in verse or song; and a later view, arising from classical theory and hermeneutics, which regards poetry as in essence a mimesis representation or philosophical fabulation allegory that conventionally is composed in verse but need not be. The earlier view accounts most fully for actual poetic practice from early to late antiquity, but the later view survives into modernity as the main thread in Western literary theory and poetics. Keywords: poetics , archaic oral-traditional rhetoric , epideictic rhetoric , rhetorical act , mimesis , fabulation , allegory , hermeneutics , verse , song. Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription. Please subscribe or login to access full text content. If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.
Rhetorica 1 November ; 34 4 : —
Так начал обретать форму второй план. Стратмор вдруг увидел шанс выиграть на двух фронтах сразу, осуществить две мечты, а не одну. В шесть тридцать в то утро он позвонил Дэвиду Беккеру. ГЛАВА 97 Фонтейн стремительно вбежал в комнату для заседаний.