File Name: difference between state and nation state .zip
The State is a social contract, a guarantee of social order in exchange for which the citizens agree to reduce their freedom. First, the population consists of all the persons living in the territory of the State, under its authority.
In common usage, the terms State and Nation are often used as synonyms. Each modern state is a Nation State; nevertheless there exist some important distinctions between the State and the Nation. The State has four elements—population, territory, government, and sovereignty.
In the absence of even one element, a State cannot be really a State. A state is always characterised by all these four elements.
On the contrary, a nation is a group of people who have a strong sense of unity and common consciousness. Common territory, common race, common religion, common language, common history, common culture and common political aspirations are the elements which help the formation of a nation, and yet none of these is an absolutely essential element.
The elements which go to build a nation keep on changing. State is a Political Organisation while Nation is a social, cultural, psychological, emotional and political unity:. The State is a political organisation which fulfills the security and welfare needs of its people.
It is concerned with external human actions. It is a legal entity. On the other hand, a Nation is a united unit of population which is full of emotional, spiritual and psychological bonds. A nation has little to do with the physical needs of the people. Possession of a Definite Territory is essential for the State but not for a Nation:.
It is essential for each State to possess a fixed territory. It is the physical element of the State. State is a territorial entity. But for a nation territory is not an essential requirement. A nation can survive even without a fixed territory. Love of a common motherland acts as a source of unity. For example, before the Jews were a nation even though they had no fixed territory of their own.
When, in , they secured a definite and defined territory, they established the State of Israel. Sovereignty is an essential element of the State. It is the soul of the State. In the absence of sovereignty, the State loses its existence. It is the element of sovereignty which makes the state different from all other associations of the people.
It is not essential for a nation to possess sovereignty. The basic requirement of a nation is the strong bonds of emotional unity among its people which develop due to several common social cultural elements.
Before , India was a nation but not a State because it did not have sovereignty. After her independence in , India became a State because after the end of British imperial rule it became a sovereign entity. However, each nation always aspires to be sovereign and independent of the control of every other nation.
The State is limited to a fixed territory. Its boundaries can increase or decrease but the process of change is always very complex. However a nation may or may not remain within the bounds of a fixed territory. Nation is a community based on common ethnicity, history and traditions and aspirations.
Obviously its boundaries can easily extend beyond the boundaries of the State. For example in a way the French nation extends even to Belgium, Switzerland and Italy because people in these countries belong to the same race to which the French claim to belong.
There can be two or more than two nations within a single State. Most of the modern states are multinational states. A nation is more stable than the State. When sovereignty ends, the State dies, but not the nation. A nation can survive even without sovereignty.
For example, after their defeat in the World War II, both Germany and Japan lost their sovereign statuses and outside powers began to control them. They ceased to exist as States. But as nations they continued to live as nations, which after some months regained their sovereign statuses and became sovereign independent states. A State can be created with the conscious endeavors of the people. Physical elements play an important role in the birth of a State. But Germans remained emotionally as one nation.
Ultimately in Oct. In Pakistan was created out of India as a separate State. A nation is a unity of the people which emerges slowly and steadily. No special efforts go into the making of a nation. The State uses police power force for preserving its unity and integrity, the Nation is bound by strong cultural and historical links:. State has police power. Those who dare to disobey it are punished by the state. A nation does not have police power or force or coercive power.
It is backed by moral, emotional and spiritual power. A nation survives on the power of sense of unity of the people. A nation appeals, the State orders; a nation persuades, a States coerces; and a nation boycotts, the State punishes. State is a political organisation, while the nation is a unity.
State and nation do not have the same boundaries, and yet there is a tendency for a nation and state to be one. Most of the nations today stand organised into different states. Most of the modern States are multinational States. The modern state is called a nation-state because all the nationalities living in one state stand integrated into one nation.
A state continuously pursues the objective of national- integration. The State tries to secure this objective by securing a willing blending of the majority nationality and all the minority nationalities, through collective living, sharing of all the ups and the downs in common and development of strong emotional, spiritual and psychological bonds. Unity in diversity or more really, unity in plurality stands accepted as the guiding principle by all the modern civilised multinational states like India, USA, Russia, China, Britain and others.
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While the terms country, state, sovereign state, nation, and nation-state are often used interchangeably, there is a difference. Simply put:. The word country can be used to mean the same thing as state, sovereign state, or nation-state. It can also be used in a less political manner to refer to a region or cultural area that has no governmental status. Examples include Wine Country the grape-growing area of northern California and Coal Country the coal-mining region of Pennsylvania.
Anyone can learn for free on OpenLearn, but signing-up will give you access to your personal learning profile and record of achievements that you earn while you study. Start this free course now. Just create an account and sign in. Enrol and complete the course for a free statement of participation or digital badge if available. The nation has become one of the most contested concepts of our times. Scholars, politicians and political activists present different definitions of the nation, usually focusing on a variety of cultural, political, psychological, territorial, ethnic and sociological principles.
A nation is a community of people formed on the basis of a common language , territory, history, ethnicity , or a common culture. A nation is more overtly political than an ethnic group ;   it has been described as "a fully mobilized or institutionalized ethnic group". American political scientist Benedict Anderson characterised a nation as an " imagined community ",  and Australian academic Paul James sees it as an "abstract community". For the most part, members of a nation remain strangers to each other and will likely never meet. So, a nation is an intersubjective reality and exists solely in the collective imagination of the citizens.
Chapter 2. State and Nation
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A nation state is a state in which a great majority shares the same culture and is conscious of it. The nation state is an ideal in which cultural boundaries match up with political boundaries. A nation , in the sense of a common ethnicity , may include a diaspora or refugees who live outside the nation state; some nations of this sense do not have a state where that ethnicity predominates.