Advantages And Disadvantages Of Primary And Secondary Data Sources Pdf

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Secondary data refers to data that is collected by someone other than the primary user.

In the previous chapter, we discussed various sources of information—from personal interviews to audio-visual recordings, Web pages to print materials, and more. Sources can be labeled primary , secondary , or tertiary , depending on their distance from the information they share. Primary sources give firsthand information—original and unfiltered.

The first advantage of using secondary data SD has always been the saving of time Ghauri, Not enough with this, in the so called Internet Era, this fact is more than evident. In the past, secondary data collection used to require many hours of tracking on the long libraries corridors.

Understanding Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Sources

In the previous chapter, we discussed various sources of information—from personal interviews to audio-visual recordings, Web pages to print materials, and more. Sources can be labeled primary , secondary , or tertiary , depending on their distance from the information they share. Primary sources give firsthand information—original and unfiltered. Examples are eyewitness accounts, personal journals, interviews, surveys, experiments, historical documents, and artifacts.

These sources have a close, direct connection to their subjects. Analyzing themes in The Great Gatsby. Advantages: Primary sources directly address your topic and often provide information that is unavailable elsewhere. For example, the questions you compose for an interview or a survey will likely target your unique interest in the topic.

Similarly, to test a particular hypothesis, you can design your own experiment. Disadvantages: Some primary sources, such as eyewitness accounts, may be too close to the subject, lacking a critical distance. Others, such as interviews, surveys, and experiments, are time consuming to prepare, administer, and analyze.

Finally, unless you have been trained in accepted methodologies, your own primary research in certain fields of study may not be recognized as valid. Whether a source is primary, secondary, or tertiary varies by topic. The letters from a Civil War soldier would be a primary source of information about his experiences. However, topics he might include about matters outside of his direct observation other battle stories, news reported in the camp, etc.

Your Turn Imagine you are researching how the human brain is both like and unlike a computer. Where would you go for information? List two possible primary sources. Secondary sources are one step removed from the topic. Advantages: Secondary sources provide a variety of expert perspectives and insights.

Also, peer review usually ensures the quality of sources such as scholarly articles. Finally, researching secondary sources is more efficient than planning, conducting, and analyzing certain primary forms of research. Disadvantages: Because secondary sources are not necessarily focused on your specific topic, you may have to dig to find applicable information. Also, secondary sources can become outdated in some fields more quickly than in others.

Tertiary sources provide thirdhand information by reporting ideas and details from secondary sources. This does not mean that tertiary sources have no value, merely that they include the potential for an additional layer of bias. Advantages: They offer a quick, easy introduction to your topic. They may point to high-quality primary and secondary sources. Disadvantages: Because of their distance, they may oversimplify or otherwise distort a topic. By rehashing secondary sources, they may miss new insights into a topic.

Census Bureau Homepage. Chamber of Commerce. Scott Fitzgerald Society. Primary links Home Our Story Store. Primary Sources Primary sources give firsthand information—original and unfiltered.

Scott Fitzgerald. Additional Resources. Previous census reports Chamber of Commerce reports on business growth Interview with a state senator or similar official. The text of the novel Nonfiction essays by F. Scholarly article projecting future census numbers Chamber of Commerce business forecast State budget plan for the next decade. Scholarly essays critiquing the novel Film adaptations of the novel. Report by a lobbying group, citing secondary sources Opinion-page essay in a newspaper A student essay comparing scholarly forecasts.

Secondary data

By definition, research is systematic investigation designed to obtain information on a given subject area with the aim of answering questions and reaching conclusions. Here we take a general look at primary and secondary research, focusing on what they are, the differences between them, and the benefits and disadvantages of each. Primary research is new research and is done to collect original data. Individuals who conduct primary research do so in a number of ways. In the case of scientific research, these may include laboratory testing, experimentation, etc.

Primary sources of data collection have their advantages such as addressing specific research problems and applications in data management and storage. On the other hand, secondary data gathering has also a range of benefits, best practices, and important meaning in the marketing and data world. For each type of business to be successful, it is absolutely crucial to have reliable information for the market and customer characteristics. This is where intensive research methods and data collection tools come to make it possible. Primary data is information collected directly from first-hand experience. This is the information that you gather for the purpose of a particular research project.


Primary data vs secondary data: sources, advantages, and disadvantages. Comparison Chart – Infographic in PDF. For each type of business to be successful.


Advantages and disadvantages of secondary data collection nowadays

The column covered over 35 common research terms used in the health and social sciences. The complete collection of defined terms is available online or in a guide that can be downloaded from the website. What does each and every research project need to get results? Data — or information — to help answer questions, understand a specific issue or test a hypothesis.

Research can be categorised into different types. However, this article will focus on primary and secondary research only. They are different from each other because of the way they are carried out and have their own advantages and disadvantages. Differences between primary and secondary research. Primary research is also called field research.

In a time when data is becoming easily accessible to researchers all over the world, the practicality of utilizing secondary data for research is becoming more prevalent, same as its questionable authenticity when compared with primary data. These 2 types of data, when considered for research is a double-edged sword because it can equally make a research project as well as it can mar it. In a nutshell, primary data and secondary data both have their advantages and disadvantages.

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5 Response
  1. Hartman A.

    It doesn't take so much time and most of the secondary data sources can be accessed for free. The disadvantage of primary data is the cost and time spent on data collection while secondary data may be outdated or irrelevant.

  2. Teresa P.

    This nicely sums up the advantages and disadvantages of using secondary data. The disadvantage is that the data were originally collected for a different purpose​.

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