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- FLUORIDE: A REVIEW OF USE AND EFFECTS ON HEALTH
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- Fluoride in Drinking-water
- Water fluoridation
FLUORIDE: A REVIEW OF USE AND EFFECTS ON HEALTH
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DOI: Abstract PDF. Dental fluorosis is a chronic fluoride —induced condition in which an excess of fluoride is incorporated in the developing tooth enamel and disrupt the enamel formation of the tooth. Prevalence of dental fluorosis due to high levels of fluoride in drinking water is an endemic global problem. Although, definite mechanism of dental flourosis is yet to be confirmed, hypomineralization of teeth enamel is the real fact and so the teeth enamel become more porous and softer than the normal counterparts. More exposure to the fluoride, greater is the rate of dental fluorosis. Also, children with mild dental fluorosis had lower IQ than those without dental fluorosis demands further investigation.
Dental Fluorosis: Chemistry and Biology Download full-text PDF The effects of fluoride on enamel formation causing dental fluorosis in man are cumulative, rather than requiring a In: Textbook of clinical cariology.
Fluoride in Drinking-water
Water fluoridation is the controlled adjustment of fluoride to a public water supply to reduce tooth decay. Fluoridated water contains fluoride at a level that is effective for preventing cavities; this can occur naturally or by adding fluoride. Although fluoridation can cause dental fluorosis , which can alter the appearance of developing teeth or enamel fluorosis ,  the differences are mild and usually not an aesthetic or public health concern. Drinking water is typically the largest source;  other methods of fluoride therapy include fluoridation of toothpaste, salt, and milk.
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Dental caries is still one of the major public health problems. The most effective way of caries prevention is the use of fluoride. The aim of our research was to review the literature about fluoride toxicity and to inform physicians, dentists and public health specialists whether fluoride use is expedient and safe.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Aardema, M. Sodium fluoride-induced chromosome aberrations in different cell cycle stages. Abboud, T.
Volcanic regions have always attracted many people worldwide because of the high fertility of their soils. However, human proximity to volcanoes can lead to several health problems as consequence of the chronic exposure to the materials released from the volcanic activity. An element often found in elevated concentrations in volcanic regions is fluorine.
На полу возле тела Хейла лежал листок бумаги. Сьюзан наклонилась и подняла. Это было письмо. Дорогие друзья, сегодня я свожу счеты с жизнью, не в силах вынести тяжести своих грехов… Не веря своим глазам, Сьюзан медленно читала предсмертную записку. Все это было так неестественно, так непохоже на Хейла, а список преступлений больше напоминал перечень сданного в прачечную белья.