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- English as a second or foreign language
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- Issues in Teaching, Learning and Testing Speaking in a Second Language
English as a second or foreign language
Teaching English as a foreign language is a challenging task, particularly when it is done in places where English serves a very limited purpose. This study attempted to investigate the challenges in teaching English as well as the solutions taken by the English teachers at MTsN Taliwang. The solutions to overcome these challenges were also suggested in this study. Ajibola, M. Confronting the challenges of teaching English language as a second language in Nigeria. Ansari, A. Teaching of English to Arab students: Problems and remedies.
His publications includes articles and books on second language acquisition, language teaching and teacher education. He is also editor of the journal Language Teaching Research. He specializes in second language acquisition and L2 classroom interaction. His recent research has investigated the occurrence and effectiveness of incidental focus on form in a variety of L2 contexts. She is coeditor with Glenn Fulcher of the journal Language Testing j. She is author with Alan Davies et.
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Issues in Teaching, Learning and Testing Speaking in a Second Language ISBN ; Digitally watermarked, DRM-free; Included format: PDF.
Issues in Teaching, Learning and Testing Speaking in a Second Language
English as a second or foreign language is the use of English by speakers with different native languages. In practice, however, each of these terms tends to be used more generically across the full field. The term "ESL" has been seen by some to indicate that English would be of subordinate importance; for example, where English is used as a lingua franca in a multilingual country. The term can be a misnomer for some students who have learned several languages before learning English.
The datasets generated for this study are available on request to the corresponding author. This paper provides a narrative review of empirical research on the assessment of speaking proficiency published in selected journals in the field of language assessment. A total of published articles on speaking assessment were collected and systematically analyzed within an argument-based validation framework Chapelle et al. We examined how the published research is represented in the six inferences of this framework, the topics that were covered by each article, and the research methods that were employed in collecting the backings to support the assumptions underlying each inference. Our analysis results revealed that: a most of the collected articles could be categorized into the three inferences of evaluation, generalization , and explanation ; b the topics most frequently explored by speaking assessment researchers included the constructs of speaking ability, rater effects, and factors that affect spoken performance, among others; c quantitative methods were more frequently employed to interrogate the inferences of evaluation and generalization whereas qualitative methods were more frequently utilized to investigate the explanation inference.
Learning a new language? Or teaching a second language? Facing difficulties in learning or teaching a second language? What are some of the strategies in language learning? Here, we will be exploring some tips and tricks in language learning suited to different personality types.
Speaking is a crucial part of second language learning and teaching. Despite its importance, for many years, teaching speaking has been undervalued and English language teachers have continued to teach speaking just as a repetition of drills or memorization of dialogues. However, today's world requires that the goal of teaching speaking should improve students' communicative skills, because, only in that way, students can express themselves and learn how to follow the social and cultural rules appropriate in each communicative circumstance. In order to teach second language learners how to speak in the best way possible, some speaking activities are provided below, that can be applied to ESL and EFL classroom settings, together with suggestions for teachers who teach oral language. What is meant by "teaching speaking" is to teach ESL learners to: Produce the English speech sounds and sound patterns Use word and sentence stress, intonation patterns and the rhythm of the second language.
This does not mean that they should avoid the study of a new language.
Беккер оказался на прямом отрезке, когда вдруг улочка начала подниматься вверх, становясь все круче и круче. Он почувствовал боль в ногах и сбавил скорость. Дальше бежать было некуда. Как трасса, на продолжение которой не хватило денег, улочка вдруг оборвалась.
Правой рукой, точно железной клешней, он обхватил ее за талию так сильно, что она вскрикнула от боли, а левой сдавил ей грудную клетку. Сьюзан едва дышала. Отчаянно вырываясь из его рук, Сьюзан локтем с силой ударила Хейла.