File Name: definition of peace and conflict .zip
With the traditional approach to international security stemming from a Realist, state-centric focus, and being developed with the rise of Strategy Studies during the Cold War, it is clear that the emphasis on power politics and military security has dominated the field of Security Studies in the last century. With this in mind, it is important to assess the value of Peace Studies in the twenty-first century, and the relevance of its agenda as a response to the challenges to international security. As the nature and impact of conflict has evolved in recent decades, particularly in a globalised context, it becomes necessary to understand how an alternative perception of peace and war can provide balance to the debate surrounding stability and security.
- Negative versus Positive Peace
- Theories in Peace and Conflict Research
- What is Peace and Conflict studies?
Peace and conflict studies is a social science field that identifies and analyzes violent and nonviolent behaviours as well as the structural mechanisms attending conflicts including social conflicts , with a view towards understanding those processes which lead to a more desirable human condition.
Negative versus Positive Peace
Peace and conflict studies is fascinating because it delves into some of the quintessential questions concerning human relations — the result of behaviour, cooperation and conflict. One of the core questions is how conflicts arise and how violent and non-violent conflicts can be solved. To be able to answer these questions, and to understand how conflicts originate you need to take a broad approach. To understand how one can change violence and violent episodes, peace studies scholars investigate explanatory and constructive methods. Moreover they explore different ways in which people can coexist, make peace and post conflict solutions. This is another crucial question.
Theories in Peace and Conflict Research
It revolves around developing constructive personal, group, and political relationships across ethnic , religious , class , national , and racial boundaries. This process includes violence prevention ; conflict management , resolution , or transformation ; and post-conflict reconciliation or trauma healing, i. As such, peacebuilding is a multidisciplinary , cross-sector technique or method which becomes strategic when it works over the long run and at all levels of society to establish and sustain relationships among people locally and globally—thus engendering sustainable peace. The methods included in peacebuilding vary depending on the situation and the agent of peacebuilding. Successful peacebuilding activities create an environment supportive of self-sustaining, durable peace; reconcile opponents; prevent conflict from restarting; integrate civil society ; create rule of law mechanisms; and address underlying structural and societal issues. Researchers and practitioners also increasingly find that peacebuilding is most effective and durable when it relies upon local conceptions of peace and the underlying dynamics which foster or enable conflict.
The Peacemakers pp Cite as. In order to make an enquiry into how conflicts have been peacefully settled, it is necessary first to define what is to be meant by these terms. This chapter discusses these preliminary conceptual issues. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
Information is power and insight can impact on public discourse. This way, perceptions can be changed by access to media. Different types of media are utilised globally to distribute knowledge and idealistically, free mass media is a tool of and signpost for democracy. Freedom of expression is not only the core of a healthy media but also a fundamental human right and vital for a democratic structure. It stands for freedom of speech, the right to information and the representation of different opinions in a heterogeneous society. In any culture of prevention, effective and democratic media are an essential part and indispensable for societies trying to make a transition towards peace and democracy.
What is Peace and Conflict studies?
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