File Name: resource mobilization and social movements .zip
- Resource Mobilization Theory and Social and Political Movements
- Resource Mobilization and Social Movements: A Partial Theory
- 21.3F: Resource Mobilization Approach
Andrew W. Social movements' capacity to mount effective challenges often hinges on the availability of scarce resources.
Resource Mobilization Theory and Social and Political Movements
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The resource-mobilization approach is a theory that seeks to explain the emergence of social movements. Resource-Mobilization Theory emphasizes the importance of resources in social movement development and success. Resources are understood here to include: knowledge, money, media, labor, solidarity, legitimacy, and internal and external support from a power elite. The theory argues that social movements develop when individuals with grievances are able to mobilize sufficient resources to take action. Resource mobilization theory also divides social movements according to their position among other social movements.
Resource Mobilization and Social Movements: A Partial Theory
Resource mobilization is the process of getting resources from the resource provider, using different mechanisms, to implement an organization's predetermined goals. It deals in acquiring the needed resources in a timely, cost-effective manner. Resource mobilization advocates having the right type of resource at the right time at the right price by making the right use of acquired resources thus ensuring optimum usage of the same. It is a major sociological theory in the study of social movements that emerged in the s. According to resource mobilization theory, a core, professional group in a social movement organization works towards bringing money, supporters, attention of the media, alliances with those in power, and refining the organizational structure. The theory revolves around the central notion of how messages of social change are spread from person to person and from group to group. The conditions needed for a social movement are the notion that grievances shared by multiple individuals and organizations, ideologies about social causes and how to go about reducing those grievances.
the types and amounts of resources collective actors are able to mobilize. In this study, data from local social movement organizations opposing drinking.
21.3F: Resource Mobilization Approach
Its main objective is to approach the advantages that Slacktivism represents as a social mobilization phenomenon on the Internet, from the assumptions of the Resource Mobilization Theory RMT and its effectiveness in impacting the global political agenda. Nowadays, the success of any political cause seems to be directly proportional to the amount of likes , on Facebook; retweets , on Twitter; or views on YouTube, that such cause may generate. During the last years, we have witnessed a growing civic engagement on global campaigns through social networks. However, some authors do not consider it a real participation, but rather simple actions provided by technological tools that allow users to exchange information without actually getting personally involved in such causes.
Resource mobilization theory is used in the study of social movements and argues that the success of social movements depends on resources time, money, skills, etc. When the theory first appeared, it was a breakthrough in the study of social movements because it focused on variables that are sociological rather than psychological. No longer were social movements viewed as irrational, emotion-driven, and disorganized. For the first time, influences from outside social movements , such as support from various organizations or the government, were taken into account. In the s and s, sociology researchers began to study how social movements depend on resources in order to bring about social change.