File Name: trends and predictores of approprate commplementary food practice .zip
- Breastfeeding and time of complementary food introduction as predictors of obesity in children.
- Nutritional Health & Food Engineering
Design: Cross-sectional study. The questionnaire, of our own design, integrated 13 factors. Results: The first CF was introduced at 5.
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Breastfeeding and time of complementary food introduction as predictors of obesity in children.
Regret for the inconvenience: we are taking measures to prevent fraudulent form submissions by extractors and page crawlers. Received: October 21, Published: November 20, Citation: Tadesse A. Predictors of infant and young feeding practices among children months old in Bennatsemayworeda, Ethiopia. J Nutr Health Food Eng. DOI: Download PDF. Feeding practices of children under two years directly affect their nutritional status, impacting survival. Many observational studies showed that maternal knowledge of optimal child feeding practices is basic to keep health of a child.
However, maternal knowledge, attitude and practices towards child feeding and associated factors of pastoralist children were not well documented in BennaTsemayWoreda, South Omo Zone, and Southern Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was designed to assess child feeding practices and associated factors among pastoralist children aged months in Benna Tsemay Woreda, South Omo Zone, and Southern Ethiopia. A community-based cross sectional study was conducted among pastoralist children aged months from February-March A stratified random sampling technique was used to select kebeles smallest administrative unit and children.
Out of 32kebeles, six were randomly selected. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire, 24hour food recall and focus group discussions. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected. Quantitative data was analysed using SPSS for windows version Qualitative data was analyzed based on thematic content analysis.
Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted. About It was found that, However, only Therefore, the authors recommend interventions targeting on community-based nutrition education on IYCF, dietary diversity, cultural food taboos, and family planning in BennaTsemay pastoralist community.
Keywords : child feeding practices, associated factors, pastoralist area, Ethiopia. Infant and young child feeding practices directly affect the nutritional status of children under two years, impacting on child survival. IYCF practice is very poor among Ethiopian pastoral communities. Breast feeding up to 2 years is in the range of Consumption of animal products is high in pastoral areas where cows or goat milk is a major component of the diet for pastoralist children in addition to breast feeding.
Milk is therefore, found to be a fundamental constituent of complementary diets in every pastoralist household. Most children in pastoralist areas are mainly feed on cereal-based, less nutritious diets with no fruits or vegetables. Attention should therefore be given to decisions taken by the mother during complementary feeding.
Despite the wide role of breastfeeding and complementary feeding for infants and young children, the indigenous knowledge, attitude and practices towards child feeding and associated factors among pastoralist children in the study area are not well documented. There are 32 Kebles in the woreda. According to Central Statistical Agency Population projection of , the total population of BennaTseamyworeda is 62, out of which 31, are males and 30, are females.
The woreda is named after the two dominant local ethnic groups namely, Benna and Tsemay, which constitute There are 3 health centers, 27 health posts and 10 medium private clinics provide basic health care for the community at BennaTsemayWoreda. Most of the kebeles are served by health posts, which focus on preventive aspects and are equipped with junior health extension workers.
The large portion of the woreda is characterized by arid and semi-arid areas or pastoralists and agro-pastoralists communities. The livelihood of the local people in the district is based on mixed farming but pastoralism predominates over crop production. The study employed both qualitative and quantitative methods to collect data from February-March Sample size estimation was carried out for associated factors using double population proportion formula.
Finally, an Epi-Info software version 7. Statistical application with the above assumptions provided a sample size of households and this was the total sample size of the study. A stratified random sampling technique was used to select kebeles ad pastoralist children. There are 32kebeles in BennaTsemayworeda. The kebeles was stratified based on the pattern of livelihood system of the communities into pastoralist, agro pastoralist and farmers. Simple random sampling was used to select two kebeles from each startum and a total of six kebeles were selected out of 32kebeles.
A sampling frame was prepared by listing all households that have months old children in the selected kebeles. After that, simple random sampling was used to select the required number of children from the respective kebeles. Finally, the youngest child from the household in the restricted age group was taken as an index child regardless of sex discrimination. Only one child was selected using lottery method when more than one child is found in a given household.
Inclusion criteria: All mothers-children pairs aged months whose parents have lived at least for six months in BennaTsemayworeda were included. Food groups consumed by pastoralist children were collected with 24hour recall method with the assistance of their respective mother. Dietary diversity score DDS was used to assess the dietary diversity of children. According to WHO guideline a total of seven food groups was considered in this study i.
The FGD was conducted by categorizing the mothers into three groups, mothers from pastoralist in one group, mothers from agro-pastoralist in one group and mothers from farmers in analysis. Normality of continuous variables was checked using histograms and Q-Q plots.
Descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentages and mean and another group. The number of participant was 6 for each group which have a direct involvement in child care. The discussions were carried out by the local language which was translated by translator and with one note taker. The FDG was facilitated by the moderator. Theme for discussion was also presented by the moderator. Tape recorder was used to record voices of participants.
The transcripts were thematically analyzed after translation into English. To avoid information bias data collectors were also selected from both Benna and Tsemayethinic groups. The pretest was done out of the study kebeles.
A face-to-face interview was used to collect data using structured questionnaire. Data collection on child feeding practices and knowledge of the mother was interviewed in a silent place.
For 24hour recall week day was used to record the food item. All the potential factors for wealth index were considered. Training was provided for data collectors. Data validity and reliability was maintained through close supervision of data collectors by the principal investigator. The principal investigator supervised and reviews every questionnaire for completeness and logical consistency and corrections was made on the spot.
First, the data was checked for completeness, coded and entered in to a computer. SPSS for windows version Significant variables with a p-value less than 0. Hosmer-Leme show test was performed for model fitness. Linear regression analysis techniques were used for collinearity diagnostics.
Multicollinearity effect for potential factors was checked by Variation Inflation Factor VIF value greater than 10 and tolerance value less than 0. No collinearity was found.
Statistical graphs and tables were used to represent the study results. Household wealth index was estimated from asset and utility services ownership using principal component analysis PCA according to the EDHS wealth index The wealth index was then divided into 5 quintiles. Data from focus group discussions was transcribed, responses arranged in general categories identified in the discussion guide.
Common themes were identified, inferences made from each theme and conclusion drawn. Permission was obtained from South Omo Zone and Woreda health offices.
Informed consent was obtained from the mother and father of study participating child. Data obtained from each study participant was kept confidential. A total of respondents of children aged months participated in the study providing an overall response rate of Most of head of the households, Of the total households, From the study participant, More than half, Most of the child birth order were 1 st born Among the respondents, On the other hand, 96 The main sources of drinking water for the households were from non improved source accounted This study has revealed that It was also identified that
Nutritional Health & Food Engineering
Regret for the inconvenience: we are taking measures to prevent fraudulent form submissions by extractors and page crawlers. Received: October 21, Published: November 20, Citation: Tadesse A. Predictors of infant and young feeding practices among children months old in Bennatsemayworeda, Ethiopia. J Nutr Health Food Eng. DOI:
The purpose of this study was to identify the predictors of child undernutrition and anemia among children 6—24 months old in the East Mamprusi district, Northern region, Ghana. This cross-sectional study recruited children and their mothers. Weight, height and hemoglobin levels of the children were measured. A structured questionnaire based on the World Health Organization's indicators for assessing infant and young child feeding practices was used to collect data on parents' socioeconomic status, household characteristics, hygiene and sanitation practices, mothers' knowledge on feeding practices such as child's meal frequency and dietary diversity and child morbidity within the past two weeks. Predictors of child nutritional status were determined using multinomial logistic regression analysis.
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: A Corpus ID: Breastfeeding and time of complementary food introduction as predictors of obesity in children. Although obesity is a multifactorial disorder caused by various behavioural, genetic and environmental influences, early life factors affecting certain critical periods during childhood prenatal period, adiposity rebound period at years and around years, as well as puberty are important in promoting obesity in adulthood.
Complementary feeding practice of mothers and associated factors in Hiwot Fana Specialized Hospital, Eastern Ethiopia. Introduction: Malnutrition remains one of the main public health problems. Over one third of under-five mortality is caused by under nutrition related to inadequate complementary feeding. This study was aimed to assess of complementary feeding practice and associated factors. Methods: Cross sectional study design was conducted to assess complementary feeding practice of mothers to their young children in Hiwot Fana specialized hospital in January
Adequate nutrition is essential during the lactation period for better maternal and child health outcomes. Although food insecurity and dietary monotony defined as less diverse diet , two important determinants of undernutrition, are endemic in the rural mountains of Nepal, insufficiently examined and assessed for risk factors in mothers during lactation, a life stage of high nutritional demand.
Nutritional deficiencies are a major problem among developing countries including Myanmar. They can occur in all age groups, but the impact is more severe among children age 6—23 months as this period is critical for child development, and irreversible damages can occur due to nutritional deficiencies. Proper infant and young child feeding practices are pivotal to tackle nutritional problems and to prevent irreversible consequences among children.
Trends and Predictors of Prelacteal Feeding Practices in Nigeria (2003-2013).
Metrics details. Poor complementary feeding of children aged 6—23 months contributes to the characteristics negative growth trends and deaths observed in developing countries. Evidences have shown that promotion of appropriate complementary feeding practices reduces the incidence of stunting and leads to better health and growth outcome. This study was aimed at assessing practices of complementary feeding and associated factors among mothers of children aged 6—23 months. A community-based cross sectional study design was conducted among mothers who had children with 6—23 months of age in the ten randomly selected Kebeles smallest administrative unit.
Despite the agreed global and national stunting reduction targets, Uganda has made very little progress. Understanding context-specific risk factors for stunted growth is therefore pertinent to designing programs to address the problem. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 32 randomly selected villages in Buhweju district, Southwest Uganda. A regression analysis was conducted to examine the associations between potential risk factors and stunted growth. The survey covered households and anthropometric measurements were taken for children aged 6—59 months. The findings of this study demonstrate that reductions in stunted growth at national or regional levels has not necessarily translated into similar trends in rural areas of Uganda.
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