File Name: factors affecting cognitive development of child and adolescent .zip
Cognitive development is a field of study in neuroscience and psychology focusing on a child's development in terms of information processing, conceptual resources, perceptual skill, language learning, and other aspects of the developed adult brain and cognitive psychology. Qualitative differences between how a child processes their waking experience and how an adult processes their waking experience are acknowledged Such as object permanence , the understanding of logical relations, and cause-effect reasoning in school-age children.
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- Language development and literacy
- Collaborative Mind Maps & Flow Charts
Environmental influences on child mental health. Ricardo HalpernI; Amira C. I PhD.
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Understanding health requires more than knowledge of the genome. Environmental factors regulate gene function through epigenetics. Maternal dietary patterns, physical activity, degree of weight gain, and body composition while pregnant will influence not only fetal growth, but also the infant's metabolic response to nutrients and energy. Maternal over- or underweight, excess caloric intake, nutrient imbalances, glucose dysregulation, and presence of chronic inflammatory states have been shown to establish risk for many later chronic diseases. During the period from birth to age 3 y, when the infant's metabolic rate is high and synaptogenesis and myelination of the brain are occurring extremely rapidly, the infant is especially prone to damaging effects from nutrient imbalances. During this period, the infant changes from a purely milk-based diet to one including a wide variety of foods.
An estimated million children worldwide fail to meet their development potential due to poverty, poor health, and unstimulating environments. Missing developmental milestones has lasting effects on adult human capital. Africa has a large burden of risk factors for poor child development. The objective of this paper is to identify scope for improvement at the country level in three domains — nutrition, environment, and maternal-child interactions. We used nationally-representative data from large-scale surveys, data repositories, and country reports from — Overall, there was heterogeneity in performance across domains, suggesting that each country faces distinct challenges in addressing risk factors for poor child development. Data were lacking for many indicators, especially in the maternal-child interaction domain.
Jatin Dutta Psychology 1 Biological factors a Sense organs Sense organs are important because they receive stimuli from the environment. Their proper development helps in receiving correct stimuli and the correct concepts are formed. Defective sense organs collect defective stimuli and as a result wrong concepts can be formed and the cognitive development will not be perfect. Children with low Intelligence Quotient are not able to receive stimuli from the environment properly, thus their cognitive development lags behind. Intelligence affects all mental capacities.
Language development and literacy
Learning to talk is one of the most visible and important achievements of early childhood. In a matter of months, and without explicit teaching, toddlers move from hesitant single words to fluent sentences, and from a small vocabulary to one that is growing by six new words a day. New language tools mean new opportunities for social understanding, for learning about the world, and for sharing experiences, pleasures and needs. Language development is even more impressive when we consider the nature of what is learned. It may seem that children merely need to remember what they hear and repeat it at some later time. But as Chomsky 1 pointed out so many years ago, if this were the essence of language learning, we would not be successful communicators. Verbal communication requires productivity, i.
status and child growth and changes in cognitive achievement scores in adolescents household factors and child cognition was found for each country. that lessens exposure to disease and parasites that impact health.
Collaborative Mind Maps & Flow Charts
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. As discussed in Chapter 1 , a growing body of work has significantly strengthened understanding of the factors that influence mental, emotional, and behavioral MEB development from well before a child is born through adolescence, the mechanisms through which they exert that influence, and the complex interactions among them.
Камера выхватила исковерканные пальцы Танкадо, на одном из которых, освещенное ярким испанским солнцем, блеснуло золотое кольцо. Танкадо снова протянул руку. Пожилой человек отстранился. Танкадо посмотрел на женщину, поднеся исковерканные пальцы прямо к ее лицу, как бы умоляя понять. Кольцо снова блеснуло на солнце.