File Name: core approaches in counselling and psychotherapy .zip
By Saul McLeod , updated Humanistic therapies evolved in the USA during the s.
- Approaches to Counselling
- Counseling Theories and Approaches
- Cognitive behavioral therapy
- Person Centered Therapy
Approaches to Counselling
Professional counselors apply a variety of clinical approaches in their work, and there are hundreds of clinical counseling approaches to choose from. To answer that question, it is first necessary to understand that no one counseling approach is better than the rest. That is because counseling approaches are based upon theories about human function and change as opposed to hard evidence. Determining whether one counseling approach works better than another is difficult, because there are so many variables to consider in the counseling process. For example, if we try to compare the effectiveness of two counselors applying the same theoretical model, there can be major differences in the counseling outcome due to differences in the clients' histories and situations, differences in the counselors' communication styles, and even differences in client and counselor mood on the day of the comparison. Such differences are hard to control for experimentally, thus making it almost impossible to prove that one approach to counseling is the absolute best way. Without such proof, it becomes the responsibility of counselors to do all they can to see that the treatment model s they apply are the best ones to address each client's needs.
The terms "counselor" and "psychotherapist" are often used interchangeably and have many similarities, but there are some important differences as well. In general, counseling is recommended for specific issues and situations, such as addiction or grief, and takes place over weeks to several months. Psychotherapy, in contrast, tends to explore past issues that might be contributing to present day problems. It often takes place continually or intermittently over a period of years. In actual practice, however, there is a great deal of overlap between the two types of therapies.
Counseling Theories and Approaches
In this section, we compare the different counselling approaches , looking at the differences and the similarities. We compare person-centred therapy, transactional analysis, and rational emotive behavioural therapy. We also look at the future of counselling. The person-centred approach to counselling belongs to the humanistic school of therapy and was devised by Carl Rogers , an American psychologist who. Ellis believed that we can think our way out of distress. He believed that human beings have three distinct attitudes or states of mind which he called Ego States. Gestalt therapy focuses on the process , i.
Cognitive behavioral therapy CBT is a psycho-social intervention   that aims to improve mental health. Originally, it was designed to treat depression , but its uses have been expanded to include treatment of a number of mental health conditions, including anxiety. CBT is based on the combination of the basic principles from behavioral and cognitive psychology. Instead, CBT is a "problem-focused" and "action-oriented" form of therapy, meaning it is used to treat specific problems related to a diagnosed mental disorder. The therapist's role is to assist the client in finding and practicing effective strategies to address the identified goals and decrease symptoms of the disorder. When compared to psychoactive medications , review studies have found CBT alone to be as effective for treating less severe forms of depression,  anxiety , post traumatic stress disorder PTSD , tics ,  substance abuse , eating disorders and borderline personality disorder.
Articles, Seventh Edition — Volume 7, No. September 9, Return to Journal Articles. Mark Pearson, M. Law, Grad.
Cognitive behavioral therapy
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Learning Skills:. Subscribe to our FREE newsletter and start improving your life in just 5 minutes a day. There are a number of different approaches used by professional counsellors.
Person Centered Therapy
The book focuses on the development of each approach and presents the associated therapy in its historical and psychological context, giving a deeper insight into the theories and clarifying the overlap between different therapies. Get BOOK. Skip to content The book focuses on the development of each approach and presents the associated therapy in its historical and psychological context, giving a deeper insight into the theories and clarifying the overlap between different therapies. Core Approaches in Counselling and Psychotherapy. Core Approaches in Counselling and Psychotherapy is a comprehensive guide to the four main psychological approaches Humanistic, Psychodynamic, Behavioural and Cognitive and introduces several of the most common therapies used today.
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Jan 16, - Core Approaches in Counselling and Psychotherapy PDF By:Fay Short,Phil Thomas Published on by Routledge Core Approaches in.