Population Distribution And Growth In India Pdf

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India is a union of 28 states and 8 union territories. India occupies 2. The eastern and western coastal regions of Deccan Plateau are also densely populated regions of India.

Demographics of India

India is the second most populated country in the world with nearly a fifth of the world's population. According to the revision of the World Population Prospects [6] [7] the population stood at 1,,, Between and , the population doubled to 1.

India is projected to surpass China to become the world's most populous country by It is expected that, in , the average age of an Indian will be 29 years, compared to 37 for China and 48 for Japan; and, by , India's dependency ratio should be just over 0.

The number of children under the age of five peaked in , and since then the number has been falling. The number of Indians under 15 years old peaked slightly later in and is now also declining. India has more than two thousand ethnic groups, [14] and every major religion is represented, as are four major families of languages Indo-European , Dravidian , Austroasiatic and Sino-Tibetan languages as well as two language isolates the Nihali language [15] spoken in parts of Maharashtra and the Burushaski language spoken in parts of Jammu and Kashmir Kashmir.

Overall, only the continent of Africa exceeds the linguistic, genetic and cultural diversity of the nation of India. The sex ratio was females for males in , and per in The following table lists estimates for the population of India including what are now Pakistan and Bangladesh from prehistory up until It includes estimates and growth rates according to five different economic historians, along with interpolated estimates and overall aggregate averages derived from their estimates.

The population grew from the South Asian Stone Age in 10, BC to the Maurya Empire in BC at a steadily increasing growth rate, [28] before population growth slowed down in the classical era up to AD, and then became largely stagnant during the early medieval era up to AD.

India's population growth rate under the Mughal Empire 16th—18th centuries was higher than during any previous period in Indian history. Under the reign of Akbar reigned — in , the Mughal Empire's urban population was up to 17 million people, larger than the urban population in Europe.

In the early 18th century, the average life expectancy in Mughal India was 35 years. The total fertility rate is the number of children born per woman. It is based on fairly good data for the entire years. The population of India under the British Raj including what are now Pakistan and Bangladesh according to censuses:.

Studies of India's population since have focused on such topics as total population, birth and death rates, growth rates, geographic distribution, literacy, the rural and urban divide, cities of a million, and the three cities with populations over eight million: Delhi, Greater Mumbai Bombay , and Kolkata Calcutta.

Mortality rates fell in the period —45, primarily due to biological immunisation. Other factors included rising incomes, better living conditions, improved nutrition, a safer and cleaner environment, and better official health policies and medical care.

India occupies 2. At the census India's population exceeded that of the entire continent of Africa by million people in The table below summarises India's demographics excluding the Mao-Maram, Paomata and Purul subdivisions of Senapati District of Manipur state due to cancellation of census results according to religion at the census in per cent. The data are "unadjusted" without excluding Assam and Jammu and Kashmir ; the census was not conducted in Assam and the census was not conducted in Jammu and Kashmir.

The table below represents the infant mortality rate trends in India, based on sex, over the last 15 years. In the urban areas of India, average male infant mortality rates are slightly higher than average female infant mortality rates. Some activists believe India's census shows a serious decline in the number of girls under the age of seven — activists posit that eight million female fetuses may have been aborted between and Scientists who study human sex ratios and demographic trends suggest that birth sex ratio between 1.

They are also similar to birth sex ratios below girls to boys observed in mothers of different age groups and gestation periods in the United States. There are a total of languages and mother tongues. The 22 languages are Languages specified in the Eighth Schedule of Indian Constitution and non-specified languages. The table immediately below excludes Mao-Maram, Paomata and Purul subdivisions of Senapati District of Manipur state due to cancellation of census results. List of cities in India by population.

Structure of the population 9 February Census age wise are shown below: [94]. Population pyramid estimates : [95]. From the Demographic Health Survey: [96]. CIA , [99] 1, million census , [] 1,,, July est. At birth: 1. Total population: The TFR total number of children born per women by religion in — was: Hindus, 2. Hindus Scheduled castes: See Languages of India and List of Indian languages by total speakers. There are languages with more than 10, native speakers in India.

The largest of these is Hindi with some million, and the second largest is Bengali with million. In India, there are 1, languages and dialects in total. This was completed in The following data are from the Mandal report: [] [ circular reference ]. India is projected to overtake China as the world's most populous nation by Fertility rates also vary from region to region, with some higher than the national average and some lower of China.

The national Census of India does not recognise racial or ethnic groups within India, [] but recognises many of the tribal groups as Scheduled Castes and Tribes see list of Scheduled Tribes in India.

According to a study published by Reich et al. For a list of ethnic groups in the Republic of India as well as neighbouring countries see ethnic groups of the Indian subcontinent. Linguistic groups in India chart [] []. Numerous genomic studies have been conducted in the last 15 years to seek insights into India's demographic and cultural diversity.

These studies paint a complex and conflicting picture. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the people from India. For other uses, see Indian. Aspect of human geography in India. India population pyramid in Hindi See also: Economic history of India. Main article: List of States and Union Territories by demographics. Main article: Religion in India. Main article: List of languages by number of native speakers in India.

See also: Genetics and archaeogenetics of South Asia. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 7 February Retrieved 9 November The Times of India. Retrieved 16 January The New York Times. Retrieved 7 November Archived from the original on 25 June Retrieved 24 September World Bank. Retrieved 20 January BBC News. Retrieved 11 October Library of Congress — Federal Research Division. Archived from the original PDF on 24 March Government of India Census of India.

Archived from the original PDF on 10 January Archived from the original on 16 January Population Growth and Land Use. Chew, J. David Knottnerus Demography: Analysis and Synthesis.

Academic Press. New York: Facts on File. Ashgate Publishing. Brill Publishers. Cambridge University Press. Warwick University.

List of states and union territories of India by population

Distribution of Population Distribution of population means how population is distributed in any given area. In India, spatial pattern of population distribution is very uneven. As some areas are sparsely populated whereas others are denses. These states can be categorised into three categories:. Density of Population Population density means number of person living in per unit area.

Skip to main content. Search the Website Search. Home Publications Annual. Table 1: State-wise Total Population. Table 2: State-wise Population in Rural Area.

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India is the second most populated country in the world with nearly a fifth of the world's population. According to the revision of the World Population Prospects [6] [7] the population stood at 1,,, Between and , the population doubled to 1.

Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 11 Population: Distribution, Density, Growth and Composition

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2 Response
  1. Liam S.

    Therefore the density of population is expressed as the number of persons per square kilometre. According to census, the density of population in India is​.

  2. Amber S.

    Get breaking news alerts from India and follow today's live news updates in field of politics, business, technology, Bollywood, cricket and more.

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