Advantages And Disadvantages Of Interlinking Of Rivers In India Pdf

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Indian Rivers Inter-link

Climate change events cause erratic spatial and temporal variability in rainfall, temperature, humidity, etc. At the same time, water availability is also under pressure due to climate change and overexploitation of water resources. In a monsoonal climate that is already erratic and highly seasonal in nature, this increased variability due to climate change will further impact water availability and salt water intrusion. To overcome such problems, one of the most effective ways is interlinking of rivers. It is the interbasin water transfer from the water surplus rivers to water deficit rivers or regions. It will increase water supply, irrigation potential, mitigate floods, and droughts and reduce regional imbalance in the availability of water. Interlinking of rivers will reduce regional imbalances significantly and provide benefits by the way of additional irrigation potential, domestic and industrial water supply, hydropower generation, and transport facilities.

Interlinking of rivers – Pros & Cons

India is a vast country and is highly diversified in terms of natural resources and socio-economic setup. Moreover, its water resources are unevenly distributed in space and time. With increasing population and increasing aspiration for improved standard of living, there is an acute pressure on the demand and availability of water. Though the idea of interlinking of rivers is not a new concept in India, it had rather persisted long back as much as in other countries of ancient civilization. In India the river-linking project in a sensible and scientific manner will not only allow the prevention of the colossal wastage of a vitally important natural resource, mitigate the flood and inundation by detaining flowing surface water of rainy seasons, but also ensure availability of water to drier areas; combating both flood and drought simultaneously. Though linking of rivers may initially appear to be a costly proposition in ecological, geological, hydrological and economical terms, in the long run the net benefits coming from it will far outweigh these costs or losses.

Interlinking of Rivers in India: Merits, Demerits & features

The Indian Rivers Inter-link is a proposed large-scale civil engineering project that aims to effectively manage water resources in India by linking Indian rivers by a network of reservoirs and canals to enhance irrigation and groundwater recharge , reduce persistent floods in some parts and water shortages in other parts of India. The Inter-link project has been split into three parts: a northern Himalayan rivers inter-link component, a southern Peninsular component and starting , an intrastate rivers linking component. NWDA has studied and prepared reports on 14 inter-link projects for Himalayan component, 16 inter-link projects for Peninsular component and 37 intrastate river linking projects. The average rainfall in India is about 4, billion cubic metres, but most of India's rainfall comes over a 4-month period — June through September.

Interlinking of rivers in India was proposed for the first time during British Colonial rule. The main intension of the proposal was to reduce the transportation cost of raw materials and finished products. Many states have proposed for interlinking of rivers due to scarcity of water in their states and hence the central government is working on a few projects. India receives most of its rain during monsoon season from June to September, most of it falls in northern and eastern part of India, the amount of rainfall in southern and western part are comparatively low. It will be these places which will have shortage of water.

Indian Polity. Indian Economy. Indian Culture. Ancient Indian History. Medieval Indian History.

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Interlinking Rivers in India: Advantages and Disadvantages

It comprises of 30 links to connect 37 Himalayan and peninsular rivers. The elevation of peninsular India is higher in comparison of northern plains. The water needs to be pumped from latter to former. This requires huge pumps and power requirements. Construction of dams will be needed on proposed links. This will reduce natural flow, create barrier in free migration of species and harm the ecological ecosystem of the river.

Interlinking of rivers have many benefits. But this should be the last resort. India receives plenty of rainfall, but most of these rainwater is going into drains. If we capture all these rainwater, India will not face water scarcity in the coming years. If India invests enough on water conservation mechanisms such as rainwater harvesting, watershed management etc on a war-footing, we may not need Inter-basin water transfer projects. Take Our Poll. What is your opinion on this topic?

 Могу биться об заклад.  - Он откусил кусок пирога и заговорил с набитым ртом.  - Максимальное время, которое ТРАНСТЕКСТ когда-либо тратил на один файл, составляет три часа. Это включая диагностику, проверку памяти и все прочее. Единственное, что могло бы вызвать зацикливание протяженностью в восемнадцать часов, - это вирус. Больше нечему.


Benefits of Interlinking River Project​​ Ganga and the Brahmaputra region can get rid of floods that come every year with the help of this project. - The irrigation, land will also increase by about 15 percent. - 15, km of river and 10, km of navigation will be developed. Thereby reducing the transportation cost.


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2 Response
  1. Susanne K.

    The interlinking of river project is a Civil Engineering project, which aims to connect Indian rivers through reservoirs and canals.

  2. Columbo E.

    The questions posted on the site are solely user generated, Doubtnut has no ownership or control over the nature and content of those questions.

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